All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways Co., also known as Zennikku, or simply ANA, is an airline located in Minato (Tokyo), Tokyo, Japan. It ranks second in the world ranking of international transport after Japan Airlines and is the largest operator of domestic flights in Japan. Operates flights to 49 destinations in Japan and 22 at the global level.
Its main international hubs are at Narita International Airport on the outskirts of Tokyo as well as the International Airport of Osaka. In regard to their national these hubs are the Tokyo International Airport, the International Airport in Osaka, the Chubu International Airport (near Nagoya), and the new Chitose Airport (near Sapporo).
ANA continued to grow steadily during the 60s, adding to its fleet aircraft such as the Vickers Viscount in 1960 and the Fokker F27 in 1961. That year, 1961, marked the debut of the company to enter the stock exchange of Tokyo as well as to the Osaka Securities Exchange. In that same year, moreover, was given its permission to operate flights to Okinawa, a flight that was technically international in character because Okinawa remained occupied by the army of the United States.
The year 1963 saw another merger, this time with Fujita Airlines, raising the capital of the group to some 4000 million yen. In 1964, ANA introduced its services in the famous Boeing 727 in the route that connected with Tokyo Sapporo. It also introduced the first plane of the Japanese national industry type turboprop, the YS-11, to replace the Convair 440 in regional routes. In 1969, he joined the Boeing 737 to their services.
All Nippon Airways soon became the largest operator of domestic flights of the country. However, the Ministry of Transport had guaranteed monopoly of its competitor Japan Airlines (JAL) on international routes, monopoly that predominated the wake of the Japanese aviation market until 1986. All Nippon Airlines could then only operate international flights charter type, whose first operation took place on 3 February 1971 with a flight carried out with a B727 that joined Tokyo with Hong Kong.
In 1986, ANA began to expand its international routes after having been consolidated as a heavy weight of the Japanese domestic market. ANA also signed an agreement with American Airlines to operate codeshare flights of the latter toward the Narita airport. With time, ANA continued to expand its international routes. To the above routes it added destinations such as Beijing, Dalian, Hong Kong and Sydney in 1987, Seoul the following year, London and Saipan in 1989, Paris in the early 90s and finally New York in 1991.
The year 2004 saw a great increase the group’s financial results, for the first time surpassing those of direct competitor Japan Airlines. That year also, thanks to the opening of new routes and the expansion of some of the most important Japanese airports (and its consequent increase of possibility of transit passengers) ANA made public its intention to renew its long-haul fleet with a large number of smaller aircraft.