Mindset: The New Psychology of Success
Mindset: The New Psychology of Success by Carol S. Dweck is a book meant to help you to learn how simple beliefs determine a great deal of our lives. Much of what we think about our personality comes from our mindset. Much of what prevents us from fulfilling our potential also comes from mindset. If you think that what you can accomplish and develop is set in stone (the fixed mindset) you must prove yourself constantly. Dweck, based on twenty years of research, shows us that the point of view we take will deeply affect the way we live our lives.
Carol S. Dweck, Ph.D, a professor of psychology at Stanford University, is one of the principal researchers in the world in the field of motivation. Her research in this great book focuses on the reasons people succeed and how to promote success. She has chairs at the universities of Harvard and Columbia, she has lectured throughout the world and has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In her book, Dr. Dweck disseminates studies that show that people with a mindset of growth tend to be accurate in the evaluation of their own capabilities. If you are learning oriented, you need accurate information about your current skills to continue to improve your learning ability and be more effective. She quotes studies that prove that exceptional people have a special talent to identify their own strengths and weaknesses. They also have a special talent to convert the blows of life into future success. Research shows that creativity is the number one ingredient of creative achievement. A key Message of Dr. Dweck’s is that you can change your mindset, as it is just a set of beliefs.
Beyond intelligence, fixed and growth mindsets impact your personality. People who still believe that they are who they are and that they cannot change, want to be praised and not questioned. Those with a better growth mentality are accepting of those who point out their deficiencies. Better performance in sports is achieved by those who constantly push themselves to be better. If you like what is easy, you have a fixed mindset. If you like what is difficult, more than likely, you have a mindset of growth, you think that becoming is better than being.
If you have a fixed mindset you believe that IQ tests and experts in some way limit, or have a say about your potential. Many high achievers were thought to have little potential. People like Charles Darwin, Elvis Presley, Jackson Pollock, Marcel Proust, Ray Charles, are cited in her work as examples.
Look for the students that are energized by criticism. In a study, students in seventh grade revealed how they respond to failure. Those with a mindset of growth said that they would study more. Those with a fixed mindset said they would study less, since they didn’t have the intellectual capacity for study and did not want to waste time. Students with a mindset of growth tend to take charge of their learning and motivation. Instead of focusing on thoughtless rote memorization, they study to learn, and not only to pass a test. For this reason they end up getting higher grades. Studies of outstanding achievers show that its network of support, commitment and motivation that continues to lead them to the top. Also they do not believe that negative stereotypes hold them back. A mindset of growth helps people to see prejudice for what is, just the point of view of another person about them, and to confront with it, with their confidence and skill intact. This would be a good exercise for women and minorities.
If we have a mindset of growth, we must believe that we can change your attitudes. The last chapter focuses on helping us to change our internal dialogue from one that is judgment based, to one that is growth-oriented.